Monday, March 17, 2008

Succoth: A Feast for Melek Yahovah Tsaboath

Zec 14:16And it shall come to pass,
[that] every one that is left
of all the nations which came
against Jerusalem shall even
go up from year to year to
worship the King, the LORD
of hosts, and to keep the feast
of tabernacles.

Lexicon / Concordance for Zec 14:16

And it shall come to pass, [that] every one that is left
[03498] yathar
of all the nations
[01471] gowy
which came
[0935] bow
against Jerusalem
shall even go up
[05927] alah
to year
[08141] shaneh
to worship
[07812] shachah
the King,
[04428] melek
the LORD
[03068] Y@hovah
of hosts,
[06635] tsaba
and to keep
[02287] chagag
the feast
[02282] chag
of tabernacles.
[05521] cukkah

The alternate name for Feast of Tabernacles is
Chag Cukkah, which we call Succoth.

"Everyone that is LEFT"

The remnant.....

Lexicon Results for yathar (Strong's H3498)
Hebrew for H3498




yä·thar' (Key)

Part of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

a primitive root

TWOT Reference


Outline of Biblical Usage

1) to be left over, remain, remain over, leave

a) (Qal) remainder (participle)

b) (Niphal) to be left over, remain over, be left behind

c) (Hiphil)

1) to leave over, leave

2) to save over, preserve alive

3) to excel, show pre-eminence

4) to show excess, have more than enough, have an excess

Authorized Version (KJV) Translation Count — Total: 107

In this context, I think "Yathar" is
most closely related to remnant, which
is a frequently used Biblical term of art
for the ones who pass through the fire
and are sanctified.

It is used in this respect in the prophetic
books of wisdom and prophecy:

Pro 2:21 For the upright shall dwell in the land,
and the perfect shall remain yathar in it.

Isa 1:9 Except the LORD of hosts had left yathar
unto us a very small remnant , we should have been
as Sodom , [and] we should have been like unto
Gomorrah .

Isa 4:3 And it shall come to pass, [that he that is]
left in Zion , and [he that] remaineth yathar in
Jerusalem , shall be called holy , [even] every
one that is written among the living in Jerusalem:

Isa 7:22 And it shall come to pass, for the abundance
of milk [that] they shall give he shall eat butter:
for butter and honey shall every one eat that is
left yathar in the land .

Eze 6:8 Yet will I leave a remnant yathar ,
that ye may have [some] that shall escape
the sword among the nations , when ye shall
be scattered through the countries.

Eze 12:16 But I will leave yathar a few men
of them from the sword , from the famine ,
and from the pestilence ; that they may declare
all their abominations among the heathen
whither they come ; and they shall know
that I [am] the LORD .

Eze 14:22 Yet, behold, therein shall be left yathar
a remnant that shall be brought forth , [both] sons
and daughters : behold, they shall come forth unto
you, and ye shall see their way and their doings:
and ye shall be comforted concerning the evil
that I have brought upon Jerusalem , [even]
concerning all that I have brought upon it.

Zec 13:8 And it shall come to pass, [that] in
all the land , saith the LORD , two parts
therein shall be cut off [and] die ; but the third
shall be left yathar therein.

The custom was to cut down palm
tree and other branches. As Zechariah
clearly states, this celebration is
clearly a Messianic event, which
anticipated the Lord of Hosts,
the King, who would rule in
righteousness in Jerusalem.

This is plainly seen in the details
of Matthew 21, from the time
of Christ's entry into the city,
to his cryptic parables about the
fruits of the vineyards: (Read

Mat 21:1 And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem,
and were come to Bethphage, unto the
mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples,

Mat 21:2 Saying unto them, Go into the village
over against you, and straightway ye
shall find an ass tied, and a colt with
her: loose [them], and bring [them]
unto me.

Mat 21:3 And if any [man] say ought unto you,
ye shall say, The Lord hath need of
them; and straightway he will send them.

Mat 21:4 All this was done, that it might be
fulfilled which was spoken by the
prophet, saying,

Mat 21:5 Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold,
thy King cometh unto thee, meek,
and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the
foal of an ass.

Mat 21:6 And the disciples went, and did as Jesus
commanded them,

Mat 21:7 And brought the ass, and the colt, and
put on them their clothes, and they set
[him] thereon.

Mat 21:8 And a very great multitude spread their
garments in the way; others cut down
branches from the trees, and strawed
[them] in the way.

Mat 21:9 And the multitudes that went before,
and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna
to the Son of David: Blessed [is] he that
cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna
in the highest.

Mat 21:10 And when he was come into Jerusalem,
all the city was moved, saying, Who is this?

Mat 21:11 And the multitude said, This is Jesus the
prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.

Mat 21:12 And Jesus went into the temple of God,
and cast out all them that sold and bought
in the temple, and overthrew the tables
of the moneychangers, and the seats of
them that sold doves,

Mat 21:13 And said unto them, It is written, My
house shall be called the house of prayer;
but ye have made it a den of thieves.

Mat 21:14 And the blind and the lame came to him
in the temple; and he healed them.

Mat 21:15 And when the chief priests and scribes
saw the wonderful things that he did,
and the children crying in the temple,
and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David;
they were sore displeased,

Mat 21:16 And said unto him, Hearest thou what
these say? And Jesus saith unto them,
Yea; have ye never read, Out of the mouth
of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected

Mat 21:17 And he left them, and went out of the city
into Bethany; and he lodged there.

Mat 21:18 Now in the morning as he returned into
the city, he hungered.

Mat 21:19 And when he saw a fig tree in the way,
he came to it, and found nothing thereon,
but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no
fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever.
And presently the fig tree withered away.

Mat 21:20 And when the disciples saw [it], they
marvelled, saying, How soon is the fig
tree withered away!

Mat 21:21 Jesus answered and said unto them,
Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith,
and doubt not, ye shall not only do this
[which is done] to the fig tree, but also
if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be
thou removed, and be thou cast into
the sea; it shall be done.

Mat 21:22 And all things, whatsoever ye shall
ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive.

Mat 21:23 And when he was come into the temple,
the chief priests and the elders of the
people came unto him as he was teaching,
and said, By what authority doest thou
these things? and who gave thee this

Mat 21:24 And Jesus answered and said unto them,
I also will ask you one thing, which if ye
tell me, I in like wise will tell you by what
authority I do these things.

Mat 21:25 The baptism of John, whence was it? from
heaven, or of men? And they reasoned
with themselves, saying, If we shall say,
From heaven; he will say unto us, Why
did ye not then believe him?

Mat 21:26 But if we shall say, Of men; we fear the
people; for all hold John as a prophet.

Mat 21:27 And they answered Jesus, and said, We
cannot tell. And he said unto them,
Neither tell I you by what authority I
do these things.

Mat 21:28 But what think ye? A [certain] man had
two sons; and he came to the first, and
said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard.

Mat 21:29 He answered and said, I will not: but
afterward he repented, and went.

Mat 21:30 And he came to the second, and said
likewise. And he answered and said, I
[go], sir: and went not.

Mat 21:31 Whether of them twain did the will of
[his] father? They say unto him, The first.
Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto
you, That the publicans and the harlots
go into the kingdom of God before you.

Mat 21:32 For John came unto you in the way of
righteousness, and ye believed him not:
but the publicans and the harlots believed
him: and ye, when ye had seen [it], repented
not afterward, that ye might believe him.

Mat 21:33 Hear another parable: There was a certain
householder, which planted a vineyard,
and hedged it round about, and digged
a winepress in it, and built a tower, and
let it out to husbandmen, and went
into a far country:

Mat 21:34 And when the time of the fruit drew near,
he sent his servants to the husbandmen,
that they might receive the fruits of it.

Mat 21:35 And the husbandmen took his servants,
and beat one, and killed another, and
stoned another.

Mat 21:36 Again, he sent other servants more than
the first: and they did unto them likewise.

Mat 21:37 But last of all he sent unto them his son,
saying, They will reverence my son.

Mat 21:38 But when the husbandmen saw the son,
they said among themselves, This is the
heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize
on his inheritance.

Mat 21:39 And they caught him, and cast [him] out
of the vineyard, and slew [him].

Mat 21:40 When the lord therefore of the vineyard
cometh, what will he do unto those

Mat 21:41 They say unto him, He will miserably
destroy those wicked men, and will let
out [his] vineyard unto other husbandmen,
which shall render him the fruits in their

Mat 21:42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read
in the scriptures, The stone which the
builders rejected, the same is become
the head of the corner: this is the Lord's
doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?

Mat 21:43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom
of God shall be taken from you, and given
to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.

Mat 21:44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall
be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall,
it will grind him to powder.

Mat 21:45 And when the chief priests and Pharisees
had heard his parables, they perceived
that he spake of them.

Mat 21:46 But when they sought to lay hands on
him, they feared the multitude, because
they took him for a prophet.


The palm leaves were a special part of
the ritual, called "lullab"

That's a clue to how the Lord was coming
to Jerusalem specifically for the Feast
of the Firstfruits/ Booths/ Tabernacles,
aka Succoth:

Name given to the festive palm-branch
which with the Etrog is carried and waved on
the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot). The three c
onstituents of the lulab are: (1) a shoot of the
palm-tree in its folded state before the leaves
are spread out; this must be at least three
handbreadths long, so that it may be waved,
and must be bound round with a twig or
tendril of its own kind; (2) three twigs of
myrtle of the species which has its leaves
in whorls of three; and (3) two willow-branches
of the kind of which the wood is reddish
and the leaves are long and entire
(Suk. 29b, 32b, 34a). The myrtle-twigs
and willow-branches are tied to the lower
end of the palm-branch—the former on
the right, and the latter on the left—by means
of three rings of palm-strips. These branches
constitute with the etrog the "four species"
("arba'at haminim").

(see image) Coin of Bar Kokba Bearing a Lulab.

(After Madden.)

In the Temple.

The use of the lulab is closely connected
with the reciting of the Hallel (Ps. cxiii.-cxviii.).

In the Second Temple it was waved during the
recitation of the passages expressive of thanksgiving
or prayer, viz., Ps. cxviii. 1-4, 25 (Suk. 37b).
The manner of waving was as follows: Facing
east and holding the lulab in the right hand and
the etrog in the left, the worshiper shook the
former in the directions east, south, west, and
north, upward and downward, forward and
backward; this was in acknowledgment of God's
sovereignty over nature (ib.). After the additional
sacrifices of the day had been offered the lulab
and etrog were carried in procession around the
altar in the court while Ps. cxviii. 25, or the refrain
, was chanted. On each of the first six
days one such processional circuit ("haḳḳafah")
was made; on the seventh day seven circuits took
place, and at the end the etrogs were eaten by
the children (Suk. 45a; see also Hosha'na Rabbah).
According to tradition, the carrying of the lulab was
observed in the Temple throughout the seven days
of the feast, but outside of it on one day only. After
the destruction of the Temple, R. Johanan ben
Zakkai ordained that the practise should be observed
everywhere during seven days, "in remembrance of
the Temple" (Suk. 41a, 43b).

(see image)
Representation of a Lulab on a
Glass Dish Found in the Jewish Catacombs at
(In the Museo Borgeano at Rome.)

There is some discussion amongst American
historians whether the first Thanksgiving
was in commemoration, or was the pilgrim's
gesture of celebrating Tabernacles.

We can see how important this day was
to Christ and the generation who he preached
to, even for them to understand how he
was the long awaited Righteous King, Son
of David.

In Matthew 21, Christ repudiates the
moneychangers and sellers in the Temple,
overturning their tables. This challenges our
values! Compare Christmas's blatant
materialism and excess to the example
of Christ's triumphant entry into
Jerusalem to partake in the Festival
of the Booths/Tabernacles, a very joyous
natural assembly where we praise God for
all the natural goodness of the Earth's
fruits, his mercy and love, and holiness!
Families did not break the bank to
indulge spoiled children with thousands
of dollars worth of distractions and toys,
further corrupting their already materialistic
temptations and tastes! Why do the most
ungodly people imaginable love Christmas
above all? You see the seeds of that
happening when Christ came to purge
the Temple of these kind of wicked
practices of buying and selling for
profit and pleasure on a Holy Convocation.

One celebration, which Christ clearly
participated in yearly, was an example of
Godliness vs. debauchery and
material values. The one ordained of
God is a celebration of deliverance,
faithfulness, of rebirth and firstfruits,
tasting the bounty of the LORD's harvest,
and the other is a complete abomination.

In Christ's day, the merchants set up in
the Temple, and that was too much for him
to bear. How much worse is it to put his
name on an orgy of excess and pagan

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