|¶||And it shall come to pass,|
[that] every one that is left
of all the nations which came
against Jerusalem shall even
go up from year to year to
worship the King, the LORD
of hosts, and to keep the feast
|And it shall come to pass, [that] every one that is left|| yathar|
|of all the nations|| gowy|
|shall even go up||alah|
|to worship|| |
|the King,|| |
|the LORD|| |
|of hosts,|| |
|and to keep|| |
|the feast|| |
|of tabernacles.|| |
The alternate name for Feast of Tabernacles is
Chag Cukkah, which we call Succoth.
"Everyone that is LEFT" יתר=YATHAR
1) to be left over, remain, remain over, leave
a) (Qal) remainder (participle)
b) (Niphal) to be left over, remain over, be left behind
1) to leave over, leave
2) to save over, preserve alive
3) to excel, show pre-eminence
4) to show excess, have more than enough, have an excess
In this context, I think "Yathar" is
most closely related to remnant, which
is a frequently used Biblical term of art
for the ones who pass through the fire
and are sanctified.
It is used in this respect in the prophetic
books of wisdom and prophecy:
Pro 2:21 For the upright shall dwell in the land,
and the perfect shall remain yathar in it.
Isa 1:9 Except the LORD of hosts had left yathar
unto us a very small remnant , we should have been
as Sodom , [and] we should have been like unto
Isa 4:3 And it shall come to pass, [that he that is]
left in Zion , and [he that] remaineth yathar in
Jerusalem , shall be called holy , [even] every
one that is written among the living in Jerusalem:
Isa 7:22 And it shall come to pass, for the abundance
of milk [that] they shall give he shall eat butter:
for butter and honey shall every one eat that is
left yathar in the land .
Eze 6:8 Yet will I leave a remnant yathar ,
that ye may have [some] that shall escape
the sword among the nations , when ye shall
be scattered through the countries.
Eze 12:16 But I will leave yathar a few men
of them from the sword , from the famine ,
and from the pestilence ; that they may declare
all their abominations among the heathen
whither they come ; and they shall know
that I [am] the LORD .
Eze 14:22 Yet, behold, therein shall be left yathar
a remnant that shall be brought forth , [both] sons
and daughters : behold, they shall come forth unto
you, and ye shall see their way and their doings:
and ye shall be comforted concerning the evil
that I have brought upon Jerusalem , [even]
concerning all that I have brought upon it.
Zec 13:8 And it shall come to pass, [that] in
all the land , saith the LORD , two parts
therein shall be cut off [and] die ; but the third
shall be left yathar therein.
The custom was to cut down palm
tree and other branches. As Zechariah
clearly states, this celebration is
clearly a Messianic event, which
anticipated the Lord of Hosts,
the King, who would rule in
righteousness in Jerusalem.
This is plainly seen in the details
of Matthew 21, from the time
of Christ's entry into the city,
to his cryptic parables about the
fruits of the vineyards: (Read
| And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem,|
and were come to Bethphage, unto the
mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples,
| Saying unto them, Go into the village|
over against you, and straightway ye
shall find an ass tied, and a colt with
her: loose [them], and bring [them]
| And if any [man] say ought unto you,|
ye shall say, The Lord hath need of
them; and straightway he will send them.
| All this was done, that it might be|
fulfilled which was spoken by the
| Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold,|
thy King cometh unto thee, meek,
and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the
foal of an ass.
| And the disciples went, and did as Jesus|
| And brought the ass, and the colt, and|
put on them their clothes, and they set
| And a very great multitude spread their|
garments in the way; others cut down
branches from the trees, and strawed
[them] in the way.
| And the multitudes that went before,|
and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna
to the Son of David: Blessed [is] he that
cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna
in the highest.
| And when he was come into Jerusalem,|
all the city was moved, saying, Who is this?
| And the multitude said, This is Jesus the|
prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.
| And Jesus went into the temple of God,|
and cast out all them that sold and bought
in the temple, and overthrew the tables
of the moneychangers, and the seats of
them that sold doves,
| And said unto them, It is written, My|
house shall be called the house of prayer;
but ye have made it a den of thieves.
| And the blind and the lame came to him|
in the temple; and he healed them.
| And when the chief priests and scribes|
saw the wonderful things that he did,
and the children crying in the temple,
and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David;
they were sore displeased,
| And said unto him, Hearest thou what|
these say? And Jesus saith unto them,
Yea; have ye never read, Out of the mouth
of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected
| And he left them, and went out of the city|
into Bethany; and he lodged there.
| Now in the morning as he returned into|
the city, he hungered.
| And when he saw a fig tree in the way,|
he came to it, and found nothing thereon,
but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no
fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever.
And presently the fig tree withered away.
| And when the disciples saw [it], they|
marvelled, saying, How soon is the fig
tree withered away!
| Jesus answered and said unto them,|
Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith,
and doubt not, ye shall not only do this
[which is done] to the fig tree, but also
if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be
thou removed, and be thou cast into
the sea; it shall be done.
| And all things, whatsoever ye shall|
ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive.
| And when he was come into the temple,|
the chief priests and the elders of the
people came unto him as he was teaching,
and said, By what authority doest thou
these things? and who gave thee this
| And Jesus answered and said unto them,|
I also will ask you one thing, which if ye
tell me, I in like wise will tell you by what
authority I do these things.
| The baptism of John, whence was it? from|
heaven, or of men? And they reasoned
with themselves, saying, If we shall say,
From heaven; he will say unto us, Why
did ye not then believe him?
| But if we shall say, Of men; we fear the|
people; for all hold John as a prophet.
| And they answered Jesus, and said, We|
cannot tell. And he said unto them,
Neither tell I you by what authority I
do these things.
| But what think ye? A [certain] man had|
two sons; and he came to the first, and
said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard.
| He answered and said, I will not: but|
afterward he repented, and went.
| And he came to the second, and said|
likewise. And he answered and said, I
[go], sir: and went not.
| Whether of them twain did the will of|
[his] father? They say unto him, The first.
Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto
you, That the publicans and the harlots
go into the kingdom of God before you.
| For John came unto you in the way of|
righteousness, and ye believed him not:
but the publicans and the harlots believed
him: and ye, when ye had seen [it], repented
not afterward, that ye might believe him.
| Hear another parable: There was a certain|
householder, which planted a vineyard,
and hedged it round about, and digged
a winepress in it, and built a tower, and
let it out to husbandmen, and went
into a far country:
| And when the time of the fruit drew near,|
he sent his servants to the husbandmen,
that they might receive the fruits of it.
| And the husbandmen took his servants,|
and beat one, and killed another, and
| Again, he sent other servants more than|
the first: and they did unto them likewise.
| But last of all he sent unto them his son,|
saying, They will reverence my son.
| But when the husbandmen saw the son,|
they said among themselves, This is the
heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize
on his inheritance.
| And they caught him, and cast [him] out|
of the vineyard, and slew [him].
| When the lord therefore of the vineyard|
cometh, what will he do unto those
| They say unto him, He will miserably|
destroy those wicked men, and will let
out [his] vineyard unto other husbandmen,
which shall render him the fruits in their
| Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read|
in the scriptures, The stone which the
builders rejected, the same is become
the head of the corner: this is the Lord's
doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
| Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom|
of God shall be taken from you, and given
to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
| And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall|
be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall,
it will grind him to powder.
| And when the chief priests and Pharisees|
had heard his parables, they perceived
that he spake of them.
| But when they sought to lay hands on|
him, they feared the multitude, because
they took him for a prophet.
The palm leaves were a special part of
the ritual, called "lullab"
That's a clue to how the Lord was coming
to Jerusalem specifically for the Feast
of the Firstfruits/ Booths/ Tabernacles,
which with the
the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot). The three c
onstituents of the lulab are: (1) a shoot of the
palm-tree in its folded state before the leaves
are spread out; this must be at least three
handbreadths long, so that it may be waved,
and must be bound round with a twig or
tendril of its own kind; (2) three twigs of
myrtle of the species which has its leaves
in whorls of three; and (3) two willow-branches
of the kind of which the wood is reddish
and the leaves are long and entire
(Suk. 29b, 32b, 34a). The myrtle-twigs
and willow-branches are tied to the lower
end of the palm-branch—the former on
the right, and the latter on the left—by means
of three rings of palm-strips. These branches
constitute with the etrog the "four species"
with the reciting of the
recitation of the passages expressive of thanksgiving
or prayer, viz., Ps. cxviii. 1-4, 25 (Suk. 37b).
The manner of waving was as follows: Facing
east and holding the lulab in the right hand and
the etrog in the left, the worshiper shook the
former in the directions east, south, west, and
north, upward and downward, forward and
backward; this was in acknowledgment of God's
sovereignty over nature (ib.). After the additional
sacrifices of the day had been offered the lulab
and etrog were carried in procession around the
altar in the court while Ps. cxviii. 25, or the refrain
, was chanted. On each of the first six
days one such processional circuit ("haḳḳafah")
was made; on the seventh day seven circuits took
place, and at the end the etrogs were eaten by
the children (Suk. 45a;
According to tradition, the carrying of the lulab was
observed in the Temple throughout the seven days
of the feast, but outside of it on one day only. After
the destruction of the Temple, R. Johanan ben
Zakkai ordained that the practise should be observed
everywhere during seven days, "in remembrance of
the Temple" (Suk. 41a, 43b).
Glass Dish Found in the Jewish Catacombs at